Ice Cream Bean: A Sweet Delight from the Tropics

ice cream bean
ice cream bean

Ever since I can remember, my fascination with plants and their edible wonders has only grown. Exotic delicacies have always intrigued me, especially those that are lesser-known in our temperate climate. Today, I want to introduce you to a seedy delicacy that is not only delicious but also visually captivating: the Ice Cream Bean.

Sweet Seeds that Delight

The legume family, with its nearly 20,000 species worldwide, offers a vast array of delicious and nutritious treats. From beans, lentils, and peas to peanuts, tamarinds, and liquorice, these plants have nourished us for centuries. However, when we venture into far-off tropical countries, we encounter the more elusive members of this botanical family, boasting peculiar and tantalizing fruits. One such delight is the South American Ice Cream Bean, also known as Inga edulis or ‘guaba’ locally.

A Candy Bar from Nature

Picture a tree that reaches heights of up to 30 meters (96 feet) and produces cylindrical, spirally twisted pods that can stretch over two meters in length. Yes, you read that right! The Ice Cream Bean tree defies expectations with its incredible fruit. These extraordinary pods house numerous large purple-black seeds surrounded by a translucent-white, edible pulp. As you indulge in its spongy sweetness, you’ll quickly understand why it earned the name Ice Cream Bean. It’s like having a yard-long candy bar that grows on a tree!

Seeds inside the fruit of the ice cream bean

Unlike most fleshy fruits, the ice cream bean’s sweet pulp is not produced by the fruit wall but by the seed itself. The seed coat, usually hard and protective, undergoes a remarkable transformation in this exceptional fruit. Once you nibble a hole in one end, you can strip off the soft and fleshy seed coat, like peeling off a sock, and revel in the sugary treat. What remains inside is the green embryo, hidden beneath the seemingly dark exterior.

Embryo cross section of ice cream bean seeds

A World of Ice Cream Beans

The Inga genus comprises around 300 species of shrubs and trees, all native to the warm and tropical regions of the Americas. While Inga edulis, meaning ‘edible,’ is the most commonly known ice cream bean species, there are several others, like Inga feuillei (called ‘pacay’ in Peru), I. rhynchocalyx, and I. spectabilis, that delight us with equally scrumptious fruits. These variations may differ in shape and size, but their inner culinary wonders remain quite similar.

Fruit of Inga rhynchocalyx

More than Just a Tasty Treat

Ice Cream Beans are not merely known for their delicious flavors; Inga trees also play vital roles in their ecosystems. Like many legume family members, Inga trees have a unique ability to fix nitrogen in the soil with the help of Rhizobium bacteria residing in their root nodules. This process significantly improves soil fertility, making Inga trees valuable for food production and as shade trees in various plantations, such as cacao, coffee, tea, black pepper, and vanilla.

Inga rhynchocalyx flowers

Addressing the Curious

While indulging in the wonders of the Ice Cream Bean, you might find yourself pondering some culinary questions. To satisfy your curiosity, here are a couple of FAQs:


Q: Can I grow Ice Cream Beans in my own backyard?

A: Ice Cream Beans thrive in tropical regions, where they bask in warm temperatures and abundant rainfall. However, if you live in a temperate climate, growing Ice Cream Beans might prove challenging, as they require specific conditions to thrive. It’s always worth consulting with local horticultural experts or botanical gardens to explore suitable alternatives for your home garden.

Q: How can I incorporate Ice Cream Beans into my culinary creations?

A: Ice Cream Beans are a versatile ingredient that can add a unique twist to both sweet and savory dishes. The sweet and creamy pulp complements ice cream, smoothies, desserts, and even cocktails splendidly. You can also experiment with incorporating the nutritious seeds into salads, stir-fries, and rice dishes for a delightful crunch.


The Ice Cream Bean is truly a wonder of nature, captivating us with its enormous pods, sweet pulp, and nutritious seeds. As we explore the diverse world of culinary delights, let’s embrace the joy of discovering exotic fruits and expanding our palates. Takeout Food celebrates the art of culinary exploration, and we invite you to join us on this flavorful journey. For more culinary inspiration, visit Takeout Food and indulge in a world of delightful flavors.

Article by Takeout Food

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